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Unveiling the secrets of Lavender Oil for a restful slumber

Origin and nature

Lavender, or Lavandula angustifolia, is a name that resonates with tranquility. A scent that calms the mind and a plant that is ever popular with gardeners (and bees!). This perennial beauty is native to the Mediterranean, the middle East and India. It has traversed through ages and geographies to mark its presence in the serene countryside of the United Kingdom and beyond. Its journey from wild slopes to cultivated gardens tells a story of adaptation, appreciation, and love.

About the Plant

Lavandula angustifolia is commonly known as true lavender or English lavender. It stands out in the genus Lavandula for its unique aroma and therapeutic qualities. This species is a testament to the plant’s adaptability and versatility. It thrives in the rocky, dry soils of the Mediterranean yet also flourishes in the cooler and unpredictable British weather.

The genus Lavandula is a complex mosaic of over 40 known species, each with its own characteristics, adaptations and oil profiles. Among these, Lavandula angustifolia has earned its place as the premier choice for essential oil production. Its high ester content contributes to its soothing properties which have found a variety of uses through out history.

Types of Lavender

The lavender story is one of nature’s marvels of cross-pollination and hybridization. Beyond the angustifolia species, there are several notable types of lavender. These include Lavandula latifolia which known as Spike Lavender. Also Lavandula x intermedia, or Lavandin, a hybrid between true lavender and spike lavender. Each type offers a unique composition and aroma, making them suitable for different uses in aromatherapy and beyond.

True lavender, with its origins in the mountainous regions of the Mediterranean, has found a second home in the fields of Provence, France. Here, it is extensively cultivated for use in perfumery, therapy, flavour and fragrance. The high altitudes and specific climatic conditions of the region are believed to enhance the oil’s quality. This gives a lavender essential oil with a richer, more potent aroma, known as ‘Highland Lavender‘. In addition, lavender grown at lower altitude has different properties to its highland counterpart. A little more penetrating and stimulating, with a higher content of 1,8-cineol. This oil is a good all-rounder but for relaxation the Highland types are preferred.

The story of lavender does not end in France; it extends to Bulgaria, England, and even as far as Kashmir. Each region adds its influence through local cultivation techniques and environmental conditions.

A historical Perspective

The history of Lavender is as rich as its fragrance. Its journey from a wild Mediterranean herb to a globally cherished plant is steeped in centuries of use. Lavender is prized for its therapeutic and even culinary applications. Its use dates back to ancient civilizations, including the Romans and Egyptians. In medieval times, it was a staple in herb gardens, valued not only for its scent but also for its utility in warding off illness.

Today, Lavandula angustifolia continues to captivate the senses and soothe the soul. Its story is a testament to the enduring appeal of natural remedies and the timeless search for tranquility and well-being. As we delve further into the essence of lavender, we uncover a narrative that is as much about human history as it is about this remarkable plant.

Cultural significance

Lavender, with its unmistakable scent and myriad shades of violet, has woven itself into the fabric of history. In ancient times, lavender was cherished by the Romans and Egyptians. The Romans used it to scent their baths, beds, and clothes, and appreciated it for its healing properties. Lavender was a symbol of cleanliness and purity, so much so that its name is believed to derive from the Latin word “lavare,” meaning “to wash.” The Egyptians, on the other hand, used it in their mummification processes, valuing its ability to preserve and perfume.

Moving forward in history, lavender’s reputation blossomed in medieval and Renaissance Europe. It was a staple in herb gardens, not only for its fragrance and beauty but also for its utility. Lavender was used to deter pests, freshen the air, and as an essential component in herbal remedies. It was believed to ward off the plague, and bundles of lavender were commonly found in homes for their protective and aromatic qualities.

In England, lavender holds a special place, deeply entwined with tradition and the domestic landscape. English lavender is renowned worldwide for its superior quality and enchanting fragrance. It became popular during the Victorian era, where it was used in everything from perfumes and soaps to flavorings in food and tea. Lavender was a symbol of cleanliness, comfort, and home. Ladies of the Victorian era often carried lavender sachets or wore lavender water to freshen their attire and repel insects.

The cultural significance of lavender extends beyond its practical uses to its symbolic meanings. Lavender is often associated with tranquility, peace, and serenity. It has been used in religious ceremonies and spiritual practices for purification and as an aid to meditation. The calming scent of lavender is believed to soothe the mind, ease tension, and promote a peaceful state of being.

Today, the cultural legacy of lavender continues to thrive. It is celebrated in festivals and events in the UK and other parts of the world, where lavender fields become stunning attractions. These events not only honor the beauty and fragrance of lavender but also its enduring place in our cultural heritage.

Chemistry of lavender essential oil

Lavender essential oil, particularly from the species Lavandula angustifolia, is a complex potion of nature. It brims with compounds that contribute to its myriad therapeutic effects. At the core of its ability to soothe and relax are a few key constituents that play a pivotal role.

Linalool and linalyl acetate – a dynamic duo

The relaxing properties of lavender are attributed to two main components: linalool and linalyl acetate. Linalool, an alcohol, and linalyl acetate, an ester, together make up a significant portion of lavender essential oil. These compounds are renowned for their calming, sedative effects on the nervous system. This makes them them particularly beneficial for alleviating tension and paving the way for a restful night.

Other active components in lavender oil

Camphor is known for its cooling and refreshing properties. It can help relieve muscle aches, pains, and spasms. It can also be used as a support for the respiratory system, particularly by inhalation.

1,8-Cineole (Eucalyptol) has expectorant properties, making it beneficial for respiratory support. It helps to maintain clear breathing and is a good choice in the winter months.

β-Myrcene and β-Caryophyllene also contribute to lavender’s calming effects. Their properties are suited to blends for everyday muscle and joint discomfort.

Aroma of lavender essential oil

The aroma of lavender essential oil is a symphony of scent. A harmonious blend that whispers of floral meadows, herby undertones, and a clean, fresh finish.

At the heart of lavender’s aroma is its ability to interact with our sense of smell. It goes straight to the limbic system—the part of the brain responsible for emotions and memories. This connection explains why a whiff of lavender can instantly evoke feelings of calmness and serenity. Lavender is an invaluable ally in the quest for relaxation and a peaceful night’s sleep.

The primary scent profile of Lavandula angustifolia is sweet, floral, and slightly herbaceous. In addition it has a balsamic-woody undertone that grounds the fragrance. This complexity makes lavender oil incredibly versatile, appealing to a wide audience. It also allows lavender to blend seamlessly with a variety of other aromas.

A significant contributor to lavender’s enchanting aroma is the compound linalool. This component emits a soft, sweet floral scent that is inherently soothing and comforting.

Enhancing sleep with scent

The effectiveness of lavender oil for a peaceful night isn’t just about its properties on a chemical level. The aroma itself can help signal the brain that it’s time to wind down and prepare for sleep. Incorporating lavender oil into a bedtime routine can create a powerful psychological cue that prepares the mind and body for rest.

Variation among species

It’s worth noting that different species and hybrids of lavender can offer variations in scent. For example, Lavandin, a hybrid between true lavender and Spike Lavender, has a sharper, more camphoraceous aroma. This is due to its higher camphor content, and as such, Lavandin is not as widely used for relaxation.

Cultivation, harvesting, production, and sustainability

The journey of lavender essential oil from plant to bottle is a fascinating process. It is a combination of traditional agricultural practices and modern distillation techniques. This journey not only determines the quality of the oil but also its impact on the environment. As we explore the production of lavender oil, it becomes clear that each step is crucial in creating a high quality oil.

Cultivation of lavender

Lavandula angustifolia thrives in well-drained soil and full sunlight. It requires little water once established, making it suited to the Mediterranean climate. However, its cultivation has spread to other countries such as the United Kingdom, Bulgaria, and France. Each offers unique characteristics to the oil due to differences in soil, altitude, and climate.

Organic farming practices are increasingly adopted to cultivate lavender. This type of production avoids the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers to ensure the purity of the essential oil. Such practices not only yield a higher quality product but also protect the environment and local biodiversity.

Wild lavender plants are also used to produce an essential oil. In this case careful harvesting and preservation of the plants allows for sustainable production.

Harvesting practices

The timing of lavender’s harvest is critical for the oil’s aroma and therapeutic quality. Lavender is typically harvested in the morning when the oil content is highest. The plants are either hand-cut or mechanically harvested, depending on the scale of production. For Lavandula angustifolia, the flowers are often harvested just before they fully bloom. At this time the concentration of essential oils and active compounds like linalool and linalyl acetate are at their peak.

Production techniques

After harvesting, the lavender is distilled to extract the essential oil, a process that has been refined over centuries. Steam distillation is the most common method. Steam is passed through the lavender material to vaporize the volatile compounds. These vapours are then condensed back into a liquid form, separating the essential oil from the water.

Quality and therapeutic benefit

The quality of lavender oil is heavily influenced by the distillation process. Factors such as the temperature, pressure, and duration of distillation have a significant effect. Artisanal distillers often opt for lower temperatures and longer distillation times. This gives a richer, more complex oil with the full spectrum of therapeutic benefits.


As the demand for lavender essential oil grows, sustainability and ethical sourcing become paramount. Sustainable farming practices include crop rotation, organic certification, and water conservation. These are employed to ensure that lavender production contributes to the health of the land and local ecosystems.

Future of lavender production

Climate change poses a significant threat to lavender cultivation. Researchers are looking into drought-resistant lavender varieties and more efficient distillation methods. These efforts aim to ensure the long-term viability of lavender oil production.

Properties and application

Lavender essential oil, renowned for its soothing and calming properties, can be used in many ways. Here are some suggested methods of use that can be used to create a calming bedtime routine.


Diffusing lavender oil in the bedroom before sleep creates a serene atmosphere that is conducive to relaxation and rest. The process of diffusion distributes the essential oil’s molecules into the air. This allows for easy inhalation and immediate interaction with the olfactory system.

Diffusing essential oils at bedtime helps to reduce tension and prepare the body for sleep. For optimal results, add a few drops of lavender oil to a diffuser 30 minutes before bedtime, allowing the calming aroma to fill the room.

Topical application

Lavender oil can be applied topically to the skin for a direct calming effect. Before using lavender oil on the skin, it’s essential to dilute it with a carrier oil, such as coconut or jojoba oil, to minimize any risk of skin irritation.

A popular method is to apply the diluted oil to pulse points, such as the wrists, temples, and behind the ears, before bedtime. The warmth of the skin helps release the oil’s aroma, while the topical application has a soothing effect on the muscles. Perfect in the evening to wind down.


A lavender oil massage combines the therapeutic benefits of touch with the calming properties of lavender. For a relaxing massage, dilute lavender oil with a carrier oil and gently massage into the skin. Focus on areas of tension such as the shoulders, neck, and back. The physical touch helps relieve muscle tension and promote relaxation. Meanwhile, the aroma of lavender encourages a state of calm so that you can drift off whenever you are ready.


Adding lavender oil to a warm bath before bedtime is a luxurious way to unwind and prepare for sleep. The warm water helps to relax muscles, while the lavender scent promotes a calming atmosphere. Mix a few drops of lavender oil with a teaspoon of carrier oil or bath salts, then add to the bathwater, stirring well. Soaking in a lavender-infused bath can ease the mind and body, setting the stage for a restful night.

Personal inhalation

For a quick and direct method of inhalation, add a drop or two of lavender oil to a tissue or cotton ball and inhale deeply. This method is particularly effective for soothing cares, worries and restlessness. Personal inhalation allows for the immediate benefits of lavender’s calming properties. A convenient option for those needing quick relief. As an alternative, you can use a personal inhaler stick.

Contraindications & general safety

While lavender oil is generally safe for most people, there are some safety considerations to keep in mind.

  • Perform a patch test before using lavender oil topically to check for any allergic reactions.
  • Pregnant or nursing women should use lavender oil with caution and consult with a practitioner before use.
  • Lavender oil should be used in moderation to minimise the risk of sensitization or adverse reaction.

Lavender recipes and blends

Lavender essential oil shines in its ability to calm the mind, soothe the spirit, and help prepare for restful sleep. Here, we’ll explore several recipes and blending tips that harness the power of lavender oil for relaxation and peaceful sleep.

Creating the perfect rest and sleep blend

Blending essential oils is an art and science. The aim is to balance the therapeutic properties and aromas for a harmonious effect. Lavender’s sweet, floral notes blend well with a wide range of other essential oils for rest and rejuvenation.

Essential oils that blend well with lavender

Roman camomile: Renowned for its soothing and calming properties, Roman Camomile enhances lavender’s effectiveness.
Bergamot: With its uplifting yet calming citrus scent, Bergamot soothes cares, making it easier to fall asleep.
Cedarwood: Its warm, woodsy aroma has grounding effects that deepens relaxation ready for sleep.
Sweet marjoram: Known for its sedative properties, sweet marjoram can help relax the nervous system and maintain a good sleep routine.
Ylang-ylang: With a sweet, floral fragrance, ylang-ylang is excellent for reducing stress and promoting a sense of calm.

Lavender blends for relaxation and rest

Sleep preparation diffuser blend

Combine the oils and add to a diffuser according to the diffuser’s instructions. Use in the bedroom 30 minutes before going to bed to create a calming atmosphere conducive to sleep.

Bedtime massage oil

Blend the essential oils with the carrier oil in a clean bottle. Massage gently into the skin, focusing on tension areas like the shoulders, neck, and back, to relax the body before sleep.

Evening bath blend

Mix the essential oils with the Epsom salts thoroughly. Add the blend to a warm bath and soak for at least 20 minutes to relax the body and mind before bedtime.

Calming personal inhaler stick

Add the essential oils to the inhaler’s cotton wick. Whenever you feel tense, inhale deeply to experience the calming effects.

Tips for effective blending

  • Always start with a small batch to test the synergy of the blend.
  • Adjust the number of drops according to personal preference and sensitivity.
  • For topical applications, always dilute essential oils in a carrier oil to prevent skin irritation.

Lavender essential oil works in harmony with other oils to promote a peaceful and restful night. Incorporate these recipes into your evening routine to enhance your relaxation and rest.

Discover the essence of lavender

Lavender essential oil serves as a gentle yet powerful conduit to tranquility. A natural remedy that has been cherished through the ages for its ability to soothe the mind, ease the body, and invite peaceful slumber.

Let lavender be your companion in the quest for serenity, a beacon of calm in the hustle and bustle of modern life. Embrace the essence of lavender, and discover a path to peace that is as fragrant as it is effective.

Experiencing lavender essential oil

Journey to Provence and experience the wonders of the lavender fields with Oshadhi founder Malte Hozzel:

Oshadhi’s selection of high altitude lavender oils

High altitude lavender from Provence is the finest of all the lavenders, with a deep, rich aroma. Choose a high altitude type for relaxation and maintaining good sleep:

For all-round use, lavender grown at lower altitude is perfect and a little less costly:

For something a little different try:

Or have a look at our set of three lavenders to compare true lavender with the other well-known species: